Flan number

Flan numbers (Japanese: フラン数) are numbers coined by Japanese googologist 巨大数大好きbot. There are several versions of Flan numbers.


The numbers are named after Flandre Scarlet (Japanese: フランドール・スカーレット, nickname: フラン)[1], who is a famous character in Japanese game series 東方Project.

One of the most famous versions Flan number 4 version 3 (Japanese: フラン数第四形態改三) was coined on 03/22/2018.[2] Its predeccessor Flan number 4 version 2 (Japanese: フラン数第四形態改二) is known to be equal to 6, and is the origin of the tradition in one of Japanese googology communities that \(6\) is a large number.[3][4][5]

Perhaps this episode is the origin of the number later coined by Japanese googologist Nayuta Ito.


The following is a table of informations of versions at the time when they were first created.[6]

version name approximation
フラン数第一形態 \(10^{10^{10^{670767}}}\)
フラン数第二形態 \(f_{\omega^{\omega^{\omega}}}^6(5)\)
フラン数第三形態 \(f_{\varepsilon_0}(6)\)
フラン数第四形態 ill-defined
フラン数第四形態改 ill-defined
フラン数第四形態改二 \(6\)
フラン数第四形態改三 \(f_{\varepsilon_4^{\varepsilon_4^{\varepsilon_4}}}(5)\)
フラン数第五形態改二 \(5\)
フラン数第五形態改三 \(f_{\varepsilon_{\omega^{\omega^{\omega^{\omega+2}}}}}(5)\)
フラン数第六形態改二 ill-defined
フラン数第六形態改二甲 ill-defined
フラン数第七形態改二 ill-defined
フラン数準第八形態改二 ill-defined

Here, \(f\) denotes the fast-growing hierarchy associated to Veblen hierarchy.

Japanese letters

The word "フラン" means "Flan", i.e. the nickname of Flandre Scarlet, and the letter "数" means "number". Therefore the combination "フラン数" means "Flan number". The letter "第" means "-th", and the letters "一", "二", "三", "四", "五", "六", "七", and "八" mean "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", and "8" respectively. Therefore for example, the combination "第三" means "third". The word "形態" means "form" or "version". The letter "改" means "revision", and hence the combination "改二" means "revision 2", i.e. the second revision. The letter "甲" means "first" in one of Japanese old counting systems. Therefore the combination "フラン数第六形態改二甲" means "The first version of the second revision of the sixth form of Flan number".

External links


See also

Fish numbers: Fish number 1 · Fish number 2 · Fish number 3 · Fish number 4 · Fish number 5 · Fish number 6 · Fish number 7
Mapping functions: S map · SS map · S(n) map · M(n) map · M(m,n) map
By Aeton: Okojo numbers · N-growing hierarchy
By BashicuHyudora: Primitive sequence number · Pair sequence number · Bashicu matrix system
By Kanrokoti: KumaKuma ψ function
By 巨大数大好きbot: Flan numbers
By Jason: Irrational arrow notation · δOCF · δφ · ε function
By mrna: 段階配列表記 · 降下段階配列表記 · 多変数段階配列表記 · SSAN · S-σ
By Nayuta Ito: N primitive
By p進大好きbot: Large Number Garden Number
By Yukito: Hyper primitive sequence system · Y sequence · YY sequence · Y function
Indian counting system: Lakh · Crore · Tallakshana · Uppala · Dvajagravati · Paduma · Mahakathana · Asankhyeya · Dvajagranisamani · Vahanaprajnapti · Inga · Kuruta · Sarvanikshepa · Agrasara · Uttaraparamanurajahpravesa · Avatamsaka Sutra · Nirabhilapya nirabhilapya parivarta
Chinese, Japanese and Korean counting system: Wan · Yi · Zhao · Jing · Gai · Zi · Rang · Gou · Jian · Zheng · Zai · Ji · Gougasha · Asougi · Nayuta · Fukashigi · Muryoutaisuu
Other: Taro's multivariable Ackermann function · TR function · Arai's \(\psi\) · Sushi Kokuu Hen

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